and those in local government employment to sit up and take notice, not just in Virginia, but elsewhere.  
 For those who are new to Virginia government and politics, the Commonwealth has long had a very successful and much admired system of local governance.   Top professionals in the field were courted and caught as far back as the 1930s, in the late Henry Howell’s words, to “keep the big boys honest.”  As Virginia localities reeled from corruption and scandals in the latter part of the nineteenth century and the first part of the twentieth, reform swept the nation and the state.  As Staunton and Henrico led the way by engaging top professionals in government administration, accountability became a Virginia hallmark.  Other states envied and admired our ability to attract the brightest and the best, and top candidates competed for positions of leadership in Virginia localities.  
 Fast forward to the last couple of decades. Our state capital city has been rocked time and again by scandal and indictments.  Until relatively recently, those have been laid at the doors of former elected officials.  A